In April 2007, these four targets were set out in a new non-binding international instrument for all types of forests. For the first time, this is a global definition of sustainable forest management that goes far beyond the simple use of wood: 2000 The Un Forum on Forests (UNFF) is a forest forum created within the framework of ECOSOC and which, with the partnership of cooperation for forests (international forest organisations), includes what is called the International Agreement on Forests. The Declaration of Forest Principles was adopted at the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio. With internationally agreed action proposals and the resulting forest dialogue, it forms the basis of German development cooperation in the forestry sector. The Practitioners` Platform aims to bring together existing international commitments on forest restoration and support their implementation. In September 2015, the international community adopted the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Objective 15 includes forest protection. In concrete terms, the goal is to end global deforestation by 2020 and ensure that all forests are managed sustainably. The agenda calls for the restoration of degraded forests and a significant increase in reforestation. Goal 6 also highlights the importance of forests for water supply. Although forests are not explicitly mentioned in this context, they also play an important role in Goal 13, which addresses climate change. This article examines the latest developments in global multilateral environmental agreements on forest conservation. These include the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Convention on Desertification, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and the De Ramsar Convention.
It mentions the measures taken in these agreements in favour of forests and the participation of local people. The relevant measures taken by the institutions created by these agreements will also be examined. In recent years, many regional and global conventions, resolutions and recommendations have been developed by international organizations and conferences. Together, they form international forest law. The Commission participates in a number of EEAs and processes – the type of participation varies depending on the topics to be discussed. For example, the Commission speaks on behalf of the European Community within ITTO as a trade agreement. In other cases, the Commission is working with the EU Presidency to maintain a common EU position. ITTO is an agreement on raw materials with an environmental dimension that brings together producers and consumers of tropical timber around the common goal of sustainable forest management.
“Sustainable forest management as a dynamic and evolving concept aims to preserve and improve the economic, social and environmental values of all types of forests for the benefit of current and future generations.” To complement forest protection through climate change, the 16th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) agreed at the end of 2010 on the development of the REDD mechanism. Since the successful conclusion of the Paris Climate Change Conference in 2015, REDD has also been an important element in measures to limit the rise in global temperatures. The United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) was established in 2000. In May 2006, it adopted four objectives: the Bonn Challenge 2.0 follow-up conference was held in March 2015. Participants from Central America, Africa and Southeast Asia announced a series of initiatives and partnerships to restore forests.